A little less than a year ago, Cinnamon was launched in the Gnome version 3 (aka Gnome Shell), and as the first major release after version 2 published in June 2002. The new edition has introduced a new user interface that is completely different from the old. Users who wanted to keep the old interface were able to perform the so-called fallback mode, which was actually intended for users whose hardware can not support the Gnome Shell. The new look was met with disapproval from the community, and even Linus Torvalds expressed his opinion about the new environment, you can read it here. Through the Gnome Shell Extensions, functionality could be improved to some extent, but still it was not like that feeling when you use the old environment. Users are mostly converted to other environments, mainly in XFCE, which is most similar to Gnomeo.
The development team of Linux Mint gave all from itself, forked Gnome Shell, and made a very different and more pleasant environment. Cinnamon desktop environment is in the repositories of major distributions, and from the site distribution of Linux Mint can be downloaded ISO image with the latest environment. If you use Arch Linux, before installing from AUR repository check whether is installed package group base-devel, and if not, install it and then you will be able to install Cinnamon and themes with his command:
yaourt-S cinnamon cinnamon-themes-git
Themes are necessary to install because the environment without them will not start. After installation, if you use one of the managers to log on, select Cinnamon session
and log on. If your running a graphical environment with startx command, in the file. xinitrc add the following line:
exec dbus-launch cinnamon
At first glance environment looks great. It welcomes you with a lower panel, in which the left-hand corner is placed the menu, which in turn contains the merged menus Applications, Places from previous versions of a Gnomeo . Much of the menu takes a section Applications. Applications are divided by the standard features (Multimedia, Internet, Office). There is also a button that displays all installed applications. In the upper part of the menu is a search bar, in which you can enter the name of the application and it is then immediately displayed on the right side of the menu. The left part of the Places menu cover, Lock Screen, Quit and logout. Control Center was part of that section on the left, but it was removed and, as already mentioned, was replaced by Cinnamon settings, which is divided into several sections (Panel, Calendar, Overview, Themes, Effects, Applets and Extensions). As the name implies, the Panel contains settings related to the panel. It is possible to change the position of the panel, and auto-hide the menu name. The position of the panels can be installed in three ways: traditional, with one panel in the bottom of the screen, reverse, with one panel in the top of the screen; classic, which has two panels – the top, where is placed menu, and bottom which serves as Task Manager. In order to change the position it is necessary to reset Cinnamon. Calendar is used to adjust the date. Themes panel is done great and you can select which will be default of ten themes for Cinnamon. Double-clicking on it and it will immediately be applied to the workplace. Previously, the theme for Gnome Shell were compatible with the cinnamon, but in this version that is no longer valid. Effects Section manages the desktop effects. This brings us to the most important item in the Settings of Cinnamon. Applets are small applications that are stored in the panel and run from it. Currently available applets are Accessibility, Recent Documents, Removable Drives, Trash, and Display. Checking the applet it will be added to the panel, and clicking on the applet in the panel carry out its functions. Especially useful applets are Recent Documents and Display. About management of files and directories continue to be an old Nautiluses task.
During the use we found some problems regarding the functionality of this desktop environment. Cinnamon has been tested on two computers, both with Intel integrated graphics ( Core i3-2330M and the Celeron E3400). Both computers had problems with graphics – we came to the fact that you lose the background when you click on menu (actually, it becomes black), a few times it happened that, after a certain time, graphical environment “breaks”.Cinnamon is still in alpha stage, so these problems will be solved in one of the following versions. At the same machines we tested Linux Mint and Cinnamon was stable and without any problems it have done everything we wanted him to do.
One could say that Cinnamon is a real refreshment in the world of desktop environments .If you feel nostalgic for the Gnome 2, you must try this, you might keep it. Deficiencies exist, but new versions coming out in short intervals and we believe it will be improved from version to version. In any case, the Linux Mint developers should be applauded for their excellent work.